The Joker is a supervillain created by Bill Finger, Bob Kane, as well as Jerry Robinson that first showed up in the debut problem of the comic book Batman (April 25, 1940), released by DC Comic books. Credit report for the Joker’s development is disputed; Kane as well as Robinson claimed duty for the Joker’s layout while acknowledging Finger’s writing contribution. Although the Joker was planned to be exterminated during his preliminary look, he was saved by content intervention, enabling the character to endure as the adversary of the superhero Batman.
In his comics appearances, the Joker is represented as a criminal mastermind. Introduced as a psycho with a deformed, vicious funny bone, the character became a silly prankster in the late 1950s in feedback to policy by the Comic books Code Authority, before returning to his darker origins during the very early 1970s. As Batman’s nemesis, the Joker has actually belonged to the superhero’s specifying stories, including the murder of Jason Todd– the 2nd Robin and Batman’s ward– and also the paralysis of one of Batman’s allies, Barbara Gordon. The Joker has actually had numerous possible origin tales during his decades of appearances. The most typical tale includes him falling under a storage tank of chemical waste that bleaches his skin white and also turns his hair eco-friendly and also lips bright red; the resulting disfigurement drives him ridiculous. The antithesis of Batman in individuality and also appearance, the Joker is taken into consideration by movie critics to be his perfect opponent.
The Joker possesses no superhuman capacities, rather utilizing his proficiency in chemical engineering to create poisonous or dangerous concoctions and also thematic weaponry, including razor-tipped playing cards, fatal happiness buzzers, and acid-spraying lapel blossoms. The Joker often collaborates with other Gotham City supervillains, such as the Penguin and also Two-Face, as well as teams like the Oppression Gang and also Injustice Organization, yet these connections typically collapse because of the Joker’s wish for unchecked mayhem. The 1990s presented a romantic interest for the Joker in his former psychoanalyst, Harley Quinn, who becomes his villainous sidekick. Although his primary fixation is Batman, the Joker has additionally fought various other heroes, consisting of Superman and Marvel Lady.
One of one of the most famous characters in popular culture, the Joker has been noted amongst the greatest comics bad guys as well as imaginary personalities ever before created. The character’s popularity has actually seen him appear on a range of goods, such as garments and also collectible items, influence real-world frameworks (such as theme park tourist attractions), and also be referenced in a variety of media. The Joker has been adapted to function as Batman’s adversary in live-action, computer animated, and computer game versions, consisting of the 1960s Batman tv collection played by Cesar Romero and also in movies by Jack Nicholson in Batman (1989) as well as by Health Ledger in The Dark Knight (2008 ). The personality was adjusted into his own standalone movie, Joker, in 2019 starring Joaquin Phoenix in the duty. Mark Hamill, Troy Baker, as well as others have offered the personality’s voice.